Different countries of Europe

There are a lot of different countries in Europe, and they all have their own cultures and histories. Some of the most well-known countries in Europe are France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom. These countries are all located in Western Europe, and they are some of the most economically developed countries in the world.

Name of European Countries:


1. Austria

2. Belgium

3. Bulgaria

4. Croatia

5. Cyprus

6. The Czech Republic

7. Denmark

8. Estonia

9. Finland

10. France

11 France-Monaco(France)

12. Germany

13. Gibraltar

14. Greece

15. Hungary

16. Iceland

17. Ireland

18. Italy

19. Latvia

20. Liechtenstein

21 Lithuania

22 Luxembourg

23. Malta

24. Moldova

25 Monaco

26 Montenegro

27 Netherlands

28 Norway

29 Poland

30 Portugal

31 Romania

32 Russia-Kaliningrad(Russia)

33 San Marino

34 Slovakia

35 Slovenia

36 Spain

37 Sweden

38 Switzerland

39 Turkey

40 Ukraine.

41 Vatican City

The eastern border of Europe is less well-defined, but generally includes all countries in the former Soviet Union except Georgia and Armenia. Additionally, some countries in Asia are partly considered European, such as Cyprus and Turkey.

Europe as continent:

A large green field with a mountain in the background

Europe is the third smallest continent in the world, covering 2% of the Earth’s landmass. Europe has a higher ratio of coastline to landmass than any other continent or subcontinent.[6]

Area of Europe:

Land Area : 3, 887, 601 sq km ( 942, 801 sq miles)

Coastline: 111,866 km (69,000 miles)

Water Area : 1, 321,110 sq km ( 462, 748 sq miles)

Total Area : 5, 207, 711 sq km (1 983 702 sq miles)

Highest Point in Europe: Mont Blanc in the Alps (4807m)

Lowest Point in Europe: Caspian Sea (-28m)

Size Compared to USA: Slightly less than 3 times the size of Texas or twice the size of Alaska.

Population of European Countries:

1. Russia-14,431,446;

2. Germany-81,774,000;

3. France-66,711,000;

4. Italy-60,681,000;

5. United Kingdom-64,539,000

The population of Europe is about 742 million people. This number is expected to grow to 847 million by 2050.

Different things, adapted by different countries:

1. Personal Names of Countries:

First, the Family name is important in Chinese . It’s the second most important part after your title. For example, if you are a student, people will call you 学生 (xue sheng). But if they want to recognize who you are, they will say 学生姓李 (Xue sheng xing Li).

So, 法国 means France. But French people will call themselves as 法国人(Fa Guo Ren) in Chinese language.

2. Short name of Country:

In most cases, short names are the same as long names. But this is not always true, especially in different dialects in China.

3. Language:

Language is the second most important part of the name after family name. It’s really easy to find out which language can be used when talking about a country in China because there are four major dialects in China. Mandarin, Cantonese, Taiwanese, and Hokkien. And each of them is represented by a different color.

For example, 日本 is Japan in Mandarin. But it’s Ri ben in Cantonese.

4. Pinyin:

Pinyin is the representation of the phonetics. A country’s name will be translated into it in most cases.

5. Romanization:

Romanization is the English letter of the phonetics. For example, Thailand is also called as 泰 (Ta).

6. Foreign Word:

The foreign word can be used to write a country’s name in some cases. For example,

香港 is Hong Kong in English. But it’s Xiang Gang in Chinese.

7. Name of Country in Other Language:

Some countries have their own name in other languages. For example,

德国 is called Deutschland in German and Германия in Russian.

8. Abbreviation:

In some cases, the abbreviation of a country’s name is also used. For example,

The UK is the United Kingdom and the US is the United States.

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