Romania is a country located in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by the Black Sea, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, and Moldova. Romania has a long history and was once part of the Roman Empire. It is also home to many castles and fortresses, as well as beautiful Orthodox churches.
The Romanian landscape is very diverse, with mountains, hills, plains, and forests. The country has a temperate climate with warm summers and cold winters.
The first recorded people in what is now Romania were the Dacians. They were conquered by the Roman Empire in 106 AD and the region was called Dacia. The Romans built roads and cities and introduced Christianity to the area.
In 271 AD, the Romans abandoned Dacia and it was overrun by Goths, Huns, Bulgars, and Slavs. Between the 13th and 14th centuries, Romania was part of the Mongol Empire. In 1526, it became part of the Ottoman Empire.
In 1859, Romania declared independence from the Ottoman Empire but it was not recognized until 1878. In World War I, Romania fought on the side of the Allies against Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria.
In World War II, Romania was occupied by Nazi Germany but joined the Allies in 1944. After the war, Romania became a communist state.
In 1989, the Romanian Revolution led to the overthrow of communism and the country began its transition to democracy.
Romania is located in southeastern Europe and is bordered by the Black Sea, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, and Moldova. The country has a temperate climate with warm summers and cold winters.
The landscape is very diverse, with mountains, hills, plains, and forests. The Carpathian Mountains run through the center of the country and the Danube River flows through Romania from west to east.
Bucharest is the capital and largest city of Romania. Other major cities include Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara, Iasi, and Constanta.
The majority of people in Romania are of Romanian ethnicity (87.4%) and speak Romanian (89%), a Romance language related to French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese.
Other ethnic groups include Hungarians (6.3%), Roma (1.9%), Germans (0.2%), Turks (0.2%), Tatars (0.1%) and Slovaks (0.1%).
Some people in Romania also speak minority languages such as Hungarian, German, Turkish, or Tatar.
The majority of people in Romania are Orthodox Christians (81.9%), followed by Catholics (4.7%), Protestants (3%), and Muslims (0.2%).
There is also a small number of people who practice other religions such as Judaism, Buddhism, and Hinduism.
Romanian culture is a mix of Romanian, German, Hungarian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Greek, and Turkish influences.
The country has many beautiful Orthodox churches as well as castles and fortresses. Traditional Romanian dishes include sarmale (stuffed cabbage leaves), mamaliga (cornmeal mush), and ciorba (soup).
Popular music includes traditional Romanian folk music, as well as classical and contemporary musicians such as George Enescu and Angela Gheorghiu.
- Bucharest – the capital and largest city of Romania, located in the southeast of the country.
- Cluj-Napoca – a city in northwestern Romania and the capital of Cluj County.
- Timisoara – is a city in western Romania and the capital of Timis County.
- Iasi – is a city in northeastern Romania and the capital of Iasi County.
- Constanta – a city on the Black Sea coast of Romania and the capital of Constanta County.
Romanian cuisine is a mix of Romanian, German, Hungarian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Greek, and Turkish influences.
Traditional Romanian dishes include sarmale (stuffed cabbage leaves), mamaliga (cornmeal mush), and ciorba (soup).
Popular snacks include covrigi (pretzels), gogosi (doughnuts), and papanasi (fried dough with cheese and sour cream).
The national drink of Romania is tuica, a distilled spirit made from plums. Other popular alcoholic beverages include wine and beer. Non-alcoholic drinks include sucovina (fruit juice), apa mineral (mineral water), and chai (tea).
The most popular sport in Romania is football (soccer). Other popular sports include tennis, handball, and basketball.
Famous Romanian athletes include tennis player Simona Halep, football player Gheorghe Hagi, and Olympic gymnast Nadia Comaneci.
Some of the most popular tourist destinations in Romania include Bucharest, Transylvania, the Carpathian Mountains, and the Black Sea Coast.
- Bucharest is the capital and largest city of Romania. It is home to many beautiful parks and historic buildings such as the Palace of Parliament, which is the world’s second-largest building after the Pentagon.
- The Palace of Parliament is a government building in Bucharest that is the largest civilian building and the second-largest building in the world, after the Pentagon
- The Romanian Athenaeum is a concert hall in Bucharest and one of the city’s most important landmarks
- The Merry Cemetery is a cemetery in the village of Sapanta that is known for its colorful tombstones with humorous epitaphs
- The Danube Delta is UNESCO World Heritage Site located in southeastern Romania where the Danube River flows into the Black Sea
- Transylvania is a historical region in central Romania that is known for its beautiful countryside, medieval castles, and quaint towns.
- The Carpathian Mountains are a range of mountains that run through central Romania. They are home to many wildlife including bears, wolves, and lynxes.
- The Black Sea Coast is a popular summer destination for its beaches, resorts, and water sports.
Romania is a country located in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by the Black Sea, Bulgaria, Hungary, Moldova, Serbia, and Ukraine. Romania has a population of approximately 19 million people. The capital and largest city are Bucharest.